Winged Elevator Set

Elevators are used to stretch and sever the periodontal ligament which holds the tooth in the socket. Medical Tools wings elevators with increased surface area help to sever the periodontal ligament easily.

Winged elevator is designed for small animal dental work; short wing blades which are curve upward improves control and following tooth conformation. Narrow neck improves visibility and short shaft for better control.

1-6mm winged elevators with stubby (shorter length and larger diameter) handle makes extraction easier and safer as the users finger can be placed at the instrument tip. Stubby handles are ideal for small or large hands.

Set Includes

  • Straight Tip Elevator 1mm
  • Straight Tip Elevator 2mm
  • Winged Elevator 1mm
  • Winged Elevator 2mm
  • Winged Elevator 3mm
  • Winged Elevator 4mm
  • Winged Elevator 5mm
  • Winged Elevator 6mm

Winged Elevator Uses
Elevators are used by inserting parallel to the tooth surface, rotate them slightly and hold for 20-30 sec. slightly moving around the tooth until the periodontal ligament is completely severed.

Equine Dental Problems and their Solution


Equine Oral Examination and Treatment
For centuries, people who had horses knew the worth of caring for their animal’s teeth. Historically, the better the horse’s dentition, the more horse had importance. If we fast forward to today, we do not compromise the dental health of the horse with their price or importance. Oral problems in horses can affect their athletic performance. It can also influence their life.

Equine Teeth
Like human, horses also have two sets of teeth; one is deciduous teeth or milk teeth and the other one is permanent
teeth. The deciduous teeth erupt at 6 months of age and start to be replaced by adult teeth around 2-1/2. At the age of 5, most horses have their full permanent
teeth.

  • An adult horse has up to 44 permanent teeth including canines
  • A mare may have 36 to 44 permanent teeth. Normally a mare does not have canines.

Dental Problems, Indications & their Treatments
It is very important to diagnose dental problems early, waiting too long may increase the treatment needed or may even make remedy impossible. The horse’s teeth can be divided into two main types;

  • The incisors at the front which nip and tear the grass.
  • Premolars and molars which grind the food down into a digestible size before swallowing.

Premolar and molar problems
Sharp enamel points Sharp edges known as enamel points naturally develop as the horses teeth erupt. These sharp enamel points cause soreness, lacerations and ulcers to the sides of the cheeks and to the tongue. Normally horses with sores due to these sharp points will find it painful to chew and they give up and spit out a half chewed food. This is called quitting and is a common occurrence. With proper dental care and treatment this problem can be avoided.


Equine Cap and Molar Extractor
 Four Prong Molar Extracting Forceps
Equine Molar Spreaders 19"
 Three Prong Molar Extracting Forceps Left  Three Prong Molar Extracting Forceps Right

 Equine Molar Extracting Forceps Set


McPherson Full Mouth Speculum
 


Schulze Mouth Gag

Deciduous Teeth problems
Deciduous teeth are also known as caps. Normally adult horses have problems shedding the deciduous teeth which
can be painful causing quidding, and difficulty masticating, and can lead to bad habits like head tossing. Caps break in half because they have trouble being pushed clear by the erupting permanent pre-molar. This may cause them to
become retained and infected leading to a foul smelling odor. Between the ages of 2-1/2yrs and 5yrs it is very important, the horse should be examined every six months by a dentition.

Wolf teeth Problems
Usually they are short crowned with a root two to three times the length of the crown. These small conical teeth often interfere with the bit and as a result they are removed. This is just because of the position of the tooth, which is normally at the front of the molar arcades on the maxilla (upper jaw) and occasionally on the mandible (lower
jaw).

Ramps
Ramped molars are same as hooks but have a better slope to the tooth and can also be on the front or back, upper or lower molars. Ramps can create problems to the molar arcades alignment and exerts pressure on
the temporal mandibular joint that may cause headaches for the equine.

Hooks
These develop due to the unsettlement of the molar arcades. This is normally because of an over-bite or under-bite (parrot mouth or sow mouth) . The part of tooth which is not in any contact will erupt and get more and more pronounced. and the hooks will get bigger with the passage of time. Large hooks will cause discomfort, weight loss, choke and colic.

Excessive Transverse Ridges
These are very important for the horse to chew and break down food into a digestible size. If these ridges become too exaggerated then their reduction will be important to a normal level, which may need to be reduced on two or three different occasions.

Steps
This occurs when the clinical crown of one cheek tooth is larger than those in the rest of the arcade. A step in the molar arcade will resist the lateral excursion, and anterior/ posterior motion of the mandible. The step has to be reduced after six months tenure through burring and floating so that it doesn’t affect the horse.

Shear Mouth
A shear mouth occurs when the horse is using only one side of its mouth to chew its food. It will often cause an incisor
slant as well. This is a rare dental condition, and work to the incisors as well as the cheek teeth is required to improve the malocclusion.

Wave Mouth
This problem usually occurs due to lack of dental attention as a young horse, which are slow in eruption of caps.
Wave mouths can be difficult to correct completely in older horses. However most can be correct in younger horses with a regular maintenance of 6 months.

Diseased and infected teeth
Teeth can become infected due to trauma, abnormal wear over a long period of time. Chronic infection of the
teeth can cause general health problems, and can also cause infections of the sinus. Caries can sometimes be difficult to see properly but with the use of a good quality headlight and dental mirror this becomes easier.

Displaced and rotated cheek teeth
This is often due to overcrowding of the cheek teeth arcades. Periodontal pocketing around these
displaced or rotated teeth is normal, and they may also produce ulcers on the tongue or cheeks. This can be very painful condition. Sometimes displaced cheek teeth may require extracting, so by removal of sharp edges will stop, damaging tissues and causing ulcers.

Diastema
A diastema is a space between two teeth. These diastemas can be very painful and normally cause quidding and foul smelling breath. At this time, picking out these diastemas and flushing out the area with high pressure air and water, or in some cases widening the cavity seems to be the best treatment plan.

Supernumerary Teeth
Supernumerary teeth are rare in horses but can cause problems. It is very important that the overgrowths are reduced at least twice or three times a year.

Incisor Problems
The incisor teeth are found at the front of the mouth and are used for nipping the grass. Normally a horse has a set of
twelve deciduous incisors, which are replaced by twelve permanent incisors. One of the main dental problems occurs in the common horse due to the lack of continuous grazing.

Ventral Curvature (smile)
When the incisors are looking like a curve from both sides then it is viewed as a smile. The problem with a smile, is that the incisors cam off each other and force the cheek teeth apart too early. The problem can be corrected by using power work again, or in a mild case by using hand float, although the table angles in the cheek teeth can also
be corrected by hand.

Slant (diagonal bite)
when looking from front, incisors should look horizontal. Due to this problem the horse has upper incisors which
are too long to meet lower incisors which are too short on one side of the mouth and on the other side the problem is reversed. This problem can be overcome by power work.

Dorsal Curvature (frown)
It is the opposite of a smile but causes the same problems. It can also be tackled by power work.

Missing Tooth
If a horse does not have a permanent incisor or has a damaged incisor then a problem is found over there. The problem
is that the opposite incisor will grow in the gap and causes a blockage. The horse with this problem will be in the condition of quidding. The remedy is to reduce the overlong incisor using either a diamond disc cutter, or carbide burr. In this condition the horse will almost need regular attention.

Overbite
It looks like a parrot mouth. In most cases a method known as an “incisor reduction” and corrective floating, is done to
maintain anterior-posterior motion of the jaw, and to decrease pressure that this exerts on the Tempro-mandibular joint.

Underbite
It looks like a sow mouth. Again the most preferable method to tackle this problem is an “incisor
reduction” and corrective floating, which has the similar influence on the tempro-mandibular joint.


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How to evaluate quality of surgical instruments?


How to evaluate quality of surgical instruments?
Surgical instruments are specially designed tools to perform specific operation; some surgical instruments are designed for general use in surgery, while others are designed for a specific procedure or surgery.

As these are special tools, quality is one of the key factors whether purchasing new instruments, or merely evaluating you already own. An evaluation criterion is highly dependent on the product type and its functionality e.g. endoscopes functionality and quality should not be compared with hand tools such as scissors and forceps. However some general attributes need to consider when purchasing new instruments.

Raw Material
Raw material plays vital role in surgical instruments, high quality raw material instruments last longer without loosing their shape and functionality. Selection of raw material some depends on the intended function of the tool, e.g. Scissors cannot be manufactured in non-magnet stainless steel being soft.

Surface Finish
Surgical instruments surface is polished (matt finished, mirror polished) to prevent rusting and easy cleaning before and after use. When buying new instruments ensure surface and mechanical joints are clean, smooth and free from cracks and porous materials unless specifically required for the functionality of the instrument.

Ergonomically Design
Surgical instruments should be easy to use, user-friendly and ergonomically designed.

Smooth Operation
Some surgical instruments are made of multi-parts; working of these instruments should be smooth, e.g. scissors should cut smoothly and forceps should grasp smoothly.

Passivation
Passivation is a process that prevents rusting; passivated instruments last longer without getting rust. Ask for passivated instruments when buying new.

Buying quality instruments benefits you many ways

  • Certified conformity
  • Instruments last longer with normal care
  • Do not get rusted quickly
  • Reduce repair/replacement cost
  • The instrument holds up over time
  • Pattern Consistency
  • Esthetic feel during use
  • Smooth Operation
  • Superior finish
  • Quality raw material
  • Optimal raw material
  • No manufacturing defects or flaws

And above all

  • Peace of mind

“Quality is never an accident; it is always the result of high intention, sincere effort, intelligent direction and skillful execution; it represents the wise choice of many alternatives.” (William A. Foster)


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List of Bone Rongeurs Used in Dentistry



Beyer Bone Rongeurs 18.0cm
Blumenthal Bone Rongeurs 15.5cm
Blumenthal Bone Rongeurs 15.5cm
Blumenthal Bone Rongeurs 15.5cm
Boehler Bone Rongeurs 15.0cm
Cleveland Bone Rongeurs Fig 4, 14.0cm
Cleveland Bone Rongeurs Fig 4A, 17.0cm
Cleveland Bone Rongeurs Fig 5S
Friedman Bone Rongeurs 14.0cm
Friedman Delicate Bone Rongeurs 15.0cm
Friedman Mini Bone Rongeurs 12.0cm
Luer Bone Rongeurs 15.0cm
Luer Bone Rongeurs 15.0cm
Mead Bone Rongeurs Fig 1A, 16.5cm
Mead Bone Rongeurs Fig 2A, 16.5cm
Ruskin Bone Rongeurs 18.0cm

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Why Oral Surgery is performed?

Oral Surgery is a procedure in dentistry. It includes the diagnosis, surgical and related treatment of diseases, injuries and defects involving both the functional and esthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the head, mouth, teeth, gums, jaws and neck. Oral surgery can be performed for

  • Dental Implants
  • Wisdom Teeth
  • Tooth Extraction
  • Bone Grafting
  • Impacted Canines
  • Oral Pathology
  • TMJ Disorders
  • Apicoectomy
  • Jaw Surgery
  • Facial Trauma

Medical Tools Oral Surgery Kit contains all necessary tools to perform a basic oral surgery. All instruments are made from medical grade stainless steel used by professionals.

Kit Includes:

  • Crile-Wood Needle Holder 14cm TC
  • Goldman-Fox Scissors 12.5cm TC Curved
  • University of Minnesota Retractor
  • College Tweezers 15cm
  • Crile Forceps 1:2 14cm Curved
  • Adson Forceps 12cm
  • Adson Forceps 1:2 12cm
  • Aspirating Syringe 1.8ml
  • Blumenthal Bone Rongeurs 15.5cm
  • Mouth Mirrors with Handle
  • Dental Bone File Fig. 10
  • Hemingway Bone Curette Fig. 2
  • Molt Periosteal Elevator Fig. 7
  • Scalpel Handle #3
  • Elevator Apexo Fig. 301
  • Elevator Seldin Fig. 34
  • Elevator Heidbrink Fig. 1
  • Elevator Heidbrink Fig. 2
  • Elevator Heidbrink Fig. 3
  • Sterilization Cassette 20 Holds

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




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Dental Extracting Forceps and their application

Forceps # Lower Incisors and Canines Upper Incisors and Canines Lower Premolars Upper Premolars Lower Molars Upper Molars Lower Roots Upper Roots Lower Third Molars Upper Third Molars Lower for Children Upper for Children
1
2
3
4
7
8
13
17
18
18A
19
20
21
22
22L
22R
23
24
29
29N
30
31
33
33A
33L
38A
41
43A
44
45
46
46L
48
49
51
51A
51L
51LX
52
54
55
56
59
59L
60
65L
32R
66L
66R
67
67A
67/L
67/R
68
74N
75
79
79A
79C
86L
86R
86C
86W
87
89
90
99
107
121
145
151
166
167
168
169
346
349
359
1
2
3
4
1
2
4
7
13
17
18
21
22
33
45
51A
67
74
79
86C
89
90
145
151
349
359
5
6
10S
16
17
18L
18R
23
53R
53L
65
69
88R
88L
101
150
150S
151
151S
222
37
39
39R
39L
51S
13S
22S
30S
33S
38
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

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Periodontal Luxators


A Dental instrument used to extract teeth. This specially designed periodontal ligament knife has a fine tapered blade that compresses the alveolar, cuts the membrane, and eases the tooth from its socket. The ability to reduce trauma during tooth extraction is becoming increasingly important, especially for patients requiring subsequent implant placement with minimal bone loss. Medical Tools dental Luxators are specially designed periodontal ligament knives with a fine tapered blade that compresses the alveolar, cuts the membrane, and gently eases the tooth from its socket reducing damage to surrounding tissue and keeping a better anatomy for an implant site.

The Luxator Instruments are used by cutting and rocking instead of the traditional elevating methods of lifting and prying. The rigid thin blade of the Luxator is inserted into the periodontium two-thirds the length of the root, allowing the final loosening and removal of the tooth to be performed with minimal amount of force. The result is a clean extraction with little tissue damage and less postoperative bleeding and pain.

Qualities of Luxators

Medical Tools Luxators are used by professionals because

  • Extremely Flat, Delicate and Sharp Instruments Cut Periodontal Ligament while Preserving Bone Anatomy
  • Thin, Down Angled, Tapered Tips ensure smooth widening of the Alveole
  • Fine Blade Inserts between Bone and Root with minimal damage to Bone Structure
  • Alternative to standard elevators for less Traumatic Extractions
  • Set Includes both Straight and Down Angled Tips for access to both Anterior and Posterior teeth

Luxators Sizes

Most commonly used sizes are

  • 3mm Straight
  • 3mm Down Angled
  • 5mm Straight
  • 5mm Down Angled

Precautions to be taken while using Luxator

  • The compact bone is thickest on the buccal side of the first and second molars in the maxilla and should be luxated from the palatal side.
  • The compact bone is thickest on the buccal side of the second and third molars in the mandible and should be luxated from the lingual side.
  • To minimize the risk of alveolar ridge fractures, the 5mm Luxator should be used buccally & lingually in molar region.
  • The maxillary lateral incisor should be luxated in a palatal direction because of the angle of the root.
  • Since most roots are normally curved distally, this should be taken into consideration during extractions.



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Important Points in Hoof Trimming


Farrier nippers

Farrier nippers are like nail clippers for horses. You use them to trim a horses hoof so that a shoe will go on nicely .But always be sure to use them with complete caution and care so that you do not hurt the horse. Nippers are used to remove the surplus growth of the hoof wall. Several sizes are available: 12, 14, 15 and 16 inch nippers are used where more leverage is needed on dry hoofs and on draft horses; 12 inch nippers can be used on show horses, racehorses and foals and those with weak hand strength. When used by an expert farrier, the viewer may notice that the farrier uses the nippers to cut off any overly excessive sole and hoof areas that reduce the need for extra rasping or knife strokes.

Hoof Nippers

These are used to cut the hoof wall down to the correct length and to cut off any excessive or damaged sole or hoof area to reduce the need for extra rasping. The Our 12” hoof nippers are strong and durable hoof nipper suitable for non professional use. The 12 is ideal for most hoof wall thicknesses or trimmers with average size hands, but as with all hoof trimming tools should be used with care. Medical Tools Hoof Nipper are Sharp and durable, These are well balanced for perfect trimming. Blades are sharpened by hand for longer life. the hoof nipper makes light work of overgrown horn on your horses hooves and is an essential part of any hoof trimmers tool kit.

STEPS TO BE CONSIDERED WHILE TRIMMING

  1. After evaluating the balance of the hoof and movement, the dead sole is trimmed from the sole area with a hoof knife. Enough sole has been removed when the sole flexes with thumb pressure.
  2. The bars should be trimmed out level with the sole to prevent them from being broken or torn.
  3. The ragged and loose edges of the frog should be trimmed so that the frog almost touches the ground when the hoof bears weight.
  4. Remove the hoof wall with a pair of nippers. Begin nipping at the toe, and move around to the heels, making sure to keep the nippers perpendicular to the hoof wall to ensure a straight cut. After the nipper cut, sight down the hoof and check for balance. Both sides should be of equal length.
  5. The hoof should be rasped level and not around the hoof wall.
  6. Once the bottom of the hoof is level, the shaped hoof should be examined. Any lipping or flaring of the quarters or toe should be rasped until the hoof has the correct shape. The rasped area must be blended into the slope of the undistorted upper part of the wall.

Horse’s hoof with shoe

The front hoof angle is usually 50 to 55 degrees. It should be the same length and angle as the shoulder. The angle of the hind hoof is usually 2 to 3 degrees greater than that of the front hoof.

Evaluating a Trim Job

When evaluating a trim job on a hoof, first evaluate the hoof on the ground for the correct shape and then from the bottom for levelness. Make sure the hoof is uniform, with no distortions. Then, pick up the hoof and sight down to make sure the hoof wall is level from side to side. Next, check the sole to make sure it is flexible to thumb pressure. It should not be so thin that walking on hard ground will make the horse sore. Check to make sure the frog has been trimmed properly, the front feet are the same angle and length, and the hind hooves are the same angle and length. Finally, watch the horse move. Make sure it is sound, not lame, following trimming.

Hoof Tools

Farrier Half Round Nipper 12 Inch

Medical Tools Half-Round Nippers are made from high grade steel to provide correct bevel to the cutting edge. Blades are aligned and sharpened by hand for accurate trimming and longer blade life. High quality tool is a real asset of professional in setting clips, removing access sole or re-secting hoof wall. Our Half-Round Nipper is an excellent tool for reaching those hard to get at places in the hoof. Medical Tools half round nipper is used by professionals for maximum precision and minimum fatigue.

 

 

 

 

 

Farrier Hoof Nipper 12 Inch

Medical Tools Hoof Nippers are made from high grade steel to provide correct cutting edge. Blades are aligned and sharpened by hand for accurate trimming and longer blade life.
Our Farrier Nippers feature a hardened cutting edge to provide the best possible trim, and balanced comfortable grip, suitable for a variety of hoof sizes. The rounded corners and strengthened jaw provide superior durability and a solid feel. An excellent tool for cutting. Medical Tools nippers are used by professionals for maximum precision and minimum fatigue.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Farrier Hammer 12 Inch

Medical Tools Hoof Hammers are made from high grade forged steel. 12″ long hardwood handle and well balanced. The jaws are designed to ring off nails with ease.
Supports keeps handle tight and provide little extra “whip”. Hammer can also be used to remove nails that have been well driven. A useful Farrier tool.
Medical Tools hammers are used by professionals for maximum precision and minimum fatigue.


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Periodontal Diseases in Pets


Many pet owners believe that animals clean their own teeth naturally by chewing on bones, sticks, or other items in nature. While it may be true that animals in the wild chew to clean their teeth, they do not avoid oral diseases or the systemic infections that follow. In addition, animals in the wild are not eating processed foods that deposit plaque on the teeth—more likely they are eating entire rodents and other small prey, bones included. As chewing and tearing apart a kill can scrape teeth and massage gums, these animals suffer from broken teeth and a variety of problems in the mouth that contribute to illness and early death.

Domestic pets enjoy veterinary care that includes regular oral exams and teeth cleaning, preventive measures that allow for disease prevention and an extended life. Pets who do not receive dental care often suffer from gum disease as early as age 3. This leads to more serious health problems including heart, lung, and kidney disease. Preventing these problems is as simple. Periodontal disease is commonly found disease that is dealt with oral surgery.

Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is an infection of the tissue surrounding the teeth that takes hold in progressive stages. It starts out as a bacterial film called plaque. The bacteria attach to the teeth. When the bacteria die they can be calcified by calcium in saliva. This forms a hard, rough substance called tartar or calculus which allows more plaque to accumulate. Initially, plaque is soft and brushing or chewing hard food and toys can dislodge it. If left to spread, plaque can lead to gingivitis, an inflammation of the gums, causing them to become red and swollen and to bleed easily. As plaque and calculus develop below the gum line, professional cleaning will be needed to help manage it. If the plaque and tartar buildup continues unchecked, infection can form around the root of the tooth. In the final stages of periodontal disease, the tissues surrounding the tooth are destroyed, the bony socket holding the tooth in erodes and the tooth becomes loose. This is a very painful process for your four-legged friend, but these problems can be averted before they even start.

Signs of periodontal disease

All pets are at risk for developing dental problems. Once a pet displays any of the warning signs below, serious periodontal disease may be present. Loving Family Animal hospital encourages not only regular cleanings but preventative care at home to help prevent periodontal disease.

  • Tooth loss
  • Subdued behavior
  • Abnormal drooling
  • Dropping food out of the mouth
  • Swallowing food whole
  • Bad breath
  • Yellow-brown crust on teeth
  • Bleeding gums/Swollen Gums
  • Goes to food bowl, doesn’t eat
  • Change of chewing or eating habits
  • Chewing on only one side

Treatment of oral disease

  • Pet owners should look for the warning signs of oral disease. If any signs are present, the pet should be taken to the veterinarian for a dental exam.
  • Pet owners can reduce the risk of oral disease. The first step in preventing oral disease is a routine physical examination, including dental exam.
  • Pet owners should practice a regular dental care regimen at home. We offer several dental products to help with home care and are willing to help.
  • Pet owners should schedule regular follow-up care with their veterinarians and ask about specially formulated foods with proven benefits in plaque and tartar removal.

 

Periodontal Instruments

Canine Periodontal Instrument Pack

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Canine Mouth Gag Set

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dogs Tartar Scrapping – Mouth Cleaning Kit for Large Dogs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tartar Scrapping Kit for Medium Dogs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tartar Scrapping Kit for Small Dogs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tartar Scrapping Kit for Medium Dogs


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How to Pull Off Shoe



How to Pull Off Shoe

After clinch next step is to remove the shoe with pulloffs. Pull Offs should be hold with one handle in each hand, bring the handles together to completely close the jaws of the pulloffs around the outside heel of the shoe, behind the last nail. Then, with both hands around both handles, rock the handles toward the toe and back toward the heel several times to loosen the shoe a little; same can be repeated on the inside heel.

Give the pulloffs a sharp, quick push away from you, toward the toe of the foot. The sharper and faster this movement, the more easily the shoe will come loose; if it’s slow and weak, nothing may happen.

Medical Tools farrier tools are designed to bring comfort, performance and durability to the job. Excellent quality used by professionals.

  • Blades are aligned and sharpened by hand for accurate trimming and longer blade life.
  • Smooth Serrations
  • Black Color Coated
  • with Rubber Grips
  • Smooth working
Pull Offs

Pull Offs

Pull Offs

Pull Offs


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