Male Dog Castration

What is Castration

Castration – Neutering is the surgical procedure which removes a dogs testicles (or testes).

Castration and Dog Behavior

Testosterone a steroid hormone is produced in testicles, as dogs grow, during their adolescence (6-18 months) the levels of this hormone increase such that secondary sex-related characteristics become more evident. These include mounting, leg lifting and higher levels of aggression. Removal of the testes reduces the production of testosterone and hence sex related behaviors.

Castration and Aggression towards Humans

Aggressiveness is the one of the greatest concern. There are various reasons of aggression and these also vary from dog to dog. Understanding these reasons, their causes and symptoms requires the experience of a trained behaviorist. Often it is as a result of the dog attempting to gain a higher rank within its pack (which includes your family). This is known as dominance aggression and surveys have shown that this form of aggression is more common in entire males than castrated males. In such cases, Vet or behaviorist may recommend castration as part of a behavior program to tackle this form of aggression.
On the other hand, dog’s discomfort with a particular situation or circumstance may result in fear or nervous aggression. There can be a number of reasons for this, but lack of socialisation during ‘puppyhood’ is usually the main cause. In such cases, a behavior modification program is unlikely to include castration.

Castration and Aggression towards other Dogs

Aggression between dogs is most often either fear aggression or dominance aggression. Fear aggression may be the result of a previous experience of being attacked, or because they feel they are unable to escape a particular situation. In the latter case, dogs are more likely to display fear aggression whilst on lead as opposed to being off lead. Canine castration would not be a part of resolving aggression caused through fear.
Castration may be recommended where aggression between dogs is orientated towards other males and where fear aggression has been ruled out. Castration may reduce the desire to dominate and reduce overall aggression thresholds. Additionally, castrated dogs smell less masculine and are less likely to be the focus of aggressive intentions by other dogs.

Castration and Dog’s Behavior

Castrated dogs smell different and can become the focus of attention from other males. This is particularly evident in recently castrated dogs.
Contrary to popular belief, there is no evidence that castration causes a dog to put on weight. It is true that after castration dogs can have an increased appetite and will eat more food if given. Hence the over weight is often due to over feeding rather than the effects of castration.
Castration does not affect an owner’s ability to train their dog. In fact many find castrated dogs are less distracted and easier to train

Alternatives to Castration

Some owners mistakenly believe that allowing their dog to mate will reduce their dog’s frustrations and consequently ease behavioral problems. This is not the case and in many cases things can get worse as the dogs interest in females and sense of status increases further.
Hormone treatments prescribed by vets can be beneficial in tackling behavior problems. They are normally in tablet or injection form and are a useful way of modifying behavior while other behavior improvement tactics are employed.

Advantages of Castration

There are several advantages of castration such as
•    It eliminates the reproduction potential
•    It reduces sexual activity
•    It reduces tendency to roam and fight
•    It reduces general level of aggression
•    It eliminate chances of testicular cancer
•    It resolve disease of the prostate gland

Disadvantages to castration

There are very few disadvantages to having dog castrated, it is a quick, safe and routine procedure, and there are no risks to pet though having low testosterone levels. Some of the disadvantages are

  • Unable to breed from dog.  Castration is not a reversible procedure.
  • Dog will undergo a general anesthetic.  General anesthetics are very safe, especially in young dogs, but all involve some risk, however low, to pet.  If you have any concerns, you should talk to vet.

Post operative care

  • The most important thing you can do after dog’s surgery, is to keep him rested.  Lead only exercise until the stitches are out is advisable.
  • The scrotum is very sensitive and can easily bruise or swell.  Sometimes it can become so swollen it looks like dog hasn’t been castrated!  Again rest is important to prevent this from happening.
  • It is also important he doesn’t bother with the wound by scratching or licking at it.  This will cause it to become inflamed, painful and possibly infected.
  • If you think dog may bother with the wound, Vet should be able to provide you with a ‘buster collar’, this is a lamp-shade collar which will mean he cannot reach it.
  • Vet should book at least one  post operative check up to ensure things are healing properly.  However, if you are concerned at all, you should seek veterinary advice immediately.

Castration myths

Castration will make my dog fat

+ FALSE – castrating dog will slow down his metabolism and may make him less active.  However, this is easily compensated for by cutting down on his food intake. It is over eating, not castration which makes neutered dogs over weight!

Castration is unnatural

+ FALSE – Often, the way our dogs live these days is unnatural, with little contact with other dogs and in a family unit.  Entire males can find this frustrating, especially if they are of a dominant character or they live near entire females.

Castration will change my dogs personality

+ FALSE – this is not the case, and often, castrated males can make better pets as they are less prone to aggression and mood swings.

Castration Age

Most of the veterinarians agree that the best age for castration is between 6-12 months of age. At this age the procedure is very low risk and easy to perform. Early castration is the responsible thing to do. It could save the dogs life and make him a much more desirable housemate.

Castration Instrument Kit

Medical Tools 23 Pcs professional quality Medical Tools Male Dog Castration – Neutering Kit contains all necessary tools to perform complete procedure. All Tools are made from Surgical Grade stainless steel and used by professionals

Kit Includes following Instruments
•    Olsen Hagar Needle Holder 16cm TC 01 Pcs
•    Kelly Forceps 14cm Straight 02 Pcs
•    Kelly Forceps 14cm Curved 02 Pcs
•    Mayo Scissors 15cm Straight TC 01 Pcs
•    Mosquito Forceps 12.5cm Straight 02 Pcs
•    Mosquito Forceps 12.5cm Curved 02 Pcs
•    Dressing Forceps 16cm 02 Pcs
•    Tissue Forceps 16cm 1:2 02 Pcs
•    Scalpel Handle #3 01 Pcs
•    Scalpel Handle Blades 04 Pcs
•    Backhaus Towel Forceps 11cm 04 Pcs
•    Adson Forceps 12cm 01 Pcs
•    Adson Forceps 12cm 1:2 01 Pcs
•    Adson-Brown Forceps 12cm 7:7 01 Pcs
•    Snook Hook 20cm 01 Pcs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




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Doberman Ears

Doberman EARS

The Dobermans “look” is that of a compact, powerful, medium sized dog
that shows an attitude and temperament reflecting great nobility and
confidence.  His short, tight coat and cropped ears and docked tail add
to his clean lines and effectiveness as an elite protection breed. But,
the docked tail and the cropped ears on the Doberman are historically
VERY FUNCTIONAL in origin and serve important purposes.

 

A docked tail was an important characteristic of the Doberman because
the tail represents a “body part” that can be easily and readily
injured.  Injury can happen by accident, such as knocking it against
hard surfaces or getting it caught between surfaces (doors, windows, car
doors) which can cause bruising, hematomas (pockets of blood),
sloughing off of hair and tissue, gangrene and terrible fractures of the
vertebra requiring major reparative surgery to treat and even save the
tail. The tail also served as a handle that an attacker could grab and
injure which could cause the dog to experience pain and trauma and cause
him to abandon his job of protecting his owner.  So docking was also a
functional part of the Dobermans effectiveness as a family protector.

 

Cropped ears, likewise, were the logical, functional addition to
complete the Dobermans physical equipment to make him the elite family
companion and protection dog that he was, even from the beginning. There
are two primary reasons that we desire cropped ears, and both have to
do with FUNCTION.  The first is that a neatly cropped ear is less of a
“handle” for an attacker to hang on to.  Since the Doberman has been
bred to be a personal protector, a cropped ear gives the dog a decided
advantage in a confrontation with a perpetrator. The second has to do
with sound “localization”.  An erect earred dog can localize the source
of a sound to within a 5 degree cone, whereas a drop earred dog can only
localize a sound source to within a 20 degree cone.  Since Dobermans do
SEARCH AND DETECTION as well as SEARCH AND RESCUE, cropped ears are a
decided advantage.

 

The DOBERMAN **STANDARD** asks for “ears, normally cropped”.  This
simply implies that they are cropped in a normal manner.  Many people
choose to leave their Doberman puppy uncropped.  These are mostly people
who have a Doberman as a pet only and do not exhibit them in
competition in the various AKC events. There is no disqualification for
uncropped ears, and people can and do show Dobermans that are not
cropped, in the US.  But, because the overwhelming majority of
exhibitors show their Dobermans cropped, perhaps it just looks like
there is no choice involved.  It is a matter of personal preference as
to crop or not crop their puppy and likewise to show a cropped or
uncropped Doberman in AKC events.

 

If the ears are cropped they must be cut in a shapely manner when the
Doberman is a youngster, usually between  7 to 10 weeks.  The ear must
be long enough to crop, and the puppy should not be too old that the
surgery becomes more difficult for the ears to successfully stand.

 

The Veterinarian puts the puppy under anesthesia and then proceeds to
remove the excess ear on the outside portion of the ear.  It is cut in
a curving and graceful design  and then the edges are stitched.  The
ears are taped over the head and wrapped with gauze for protection or
they are glued with surgical glue to foam or a Styrofoam cup or other
material to keep the ears upright and the edges exposed to the air for
good healing. The stitches are removed after about 10 days, and the ears
must be kept from puckering—which is the edges pulling together and
causing the ear to shorten because of the scar tissue in areas along the
cut edge.  The ears are examined everyday to make sure they are healing
well and when all edges are totally healed they are ready to be taped.

 

After the edges are fully healed, with NO SMALL OPEN WOUNDS the ears
can be rolled and TAPED.  Below is a website that will show the usual
manner that ears are taped.  The technique is demonstrated by Carol
Selzle Petruzzo, a very long time, successful breeder and Handler.  The
site is invaluable for learning how to care for and tape the healed
cropped ears.

There are a variety of lengths and shapes of cropped ears.  Cropping
is very artistic and each cropper has their own style.  The show
conformation Dobermans are cropped longer and more stylish than most pet
crops that an average Veterinarian would do.  The longer, more stylish
crops are beautiful, but they can take more time taping to get the ears
to finally stand.  Success with ears standing has a great deal to do
with persistence of the person taping and the technique.  Problems do
arise and it is best to seek the advice of an experienced Breeder or
very experienced Veterinarian that has cropped hundreds of ears.

Dog Ear Instruments – Dog Tools

 

submitted by

Theresa Mullen

DPCA Public Education Committee

Reference: dpca.org/BreedEd/ears11.htm

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Boxer Ear Cropping Tools & Instruments

Most veterinarians would agree that the incidence of ear infections in breeds with erect standing ears is far less than in breeds with droopy, pendulous ears.

Medical Tools has launched new tools kit for Boxer Dogs and its different breeds as under

The Ear Cropping Kit includes

  • Ear Cropping Guide
  • Ear Scissors (optional)
  • Dressing Forceps
  • Scalpel Handle with Blades
  • Free Leather Pouch

The American breed standard for boxers, for example, recommends that an undocked tail be severely penalized.  The AKC position is that ear cropping and tail docking are “acceptable practices integral to defining and preserving breed character and/or enhancing good health.

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